Orchestre Baya Baya
Their name came from a hit by Bakolo Keta and Orchestre Kiam, as they were an outgrowth of that band. An obituary on digitalcongo.net mentions Jacques Bazizila, who was guitarist of the band under the stage name of Souza Vangu, and who died 18 July 2012 in Brazzaville. After an apprenticeship with African Fiesta, in 1973 (age 23) he joined Verckys' Orchestre Kiam. After Festival Lagos, 1976, the core of the group split to form L'orchestre Baya Baya. They scored an immediate hit with "Sindangari." (In 1980 Bazizila left to found Les Kamikaze with Youlou Mabiala, Serge Kiambukuta and others.) Some of Baya Baya's singles were issued by the Mabele label in Nairobi, and reissued by the African label in Paris. They may have migrated East, and certainly spent time in Kenya and Tanzania, recording in Swahili. There's a shout-out to Mabele in "Ah, Ndugu!" and Editions Mabele hold the publishing rights to their Tanzanian album, further suggesting it was their own imprint. Their album Nakozonga, recorded at state-run Tanzania Film Company in Dar Es Salaam, came out on the Editions Tanzania label in 1977. Their "Kidogo sana," also recorded in Tanzania, is a contribution to the James Brown/Fela-inspired African funk genre.
Nakozonga (TLP002) 1977
A1 Nakozonga (Mbuta Teka) 10:00
Ah, Ndugu (Mbuta Teka) MBU10, reissued as African 91.148 (1976)
Orchestra Makassy was led by Kitenzogu "Mzee (elder)" Makassy who came from Kivu in Eastern Zaire. The band was formed in Kampala with Zairean and Ugandan musicians in 1975. They were driven out of Uganda by the regime of Idi Amin and made a life in Tanzania, at first as as a cover band at the New Africa Hotel in Dar es Salaam. In the late 70s Remmy Ongala and Mose Se Fan Fan were both members of this internationally popular group and later covered some of the material in their own bands. In 1982 Virgin released their LP Agwaya to great acclaim.
Notes: Micky Jaga Jaga, whose real name is Tubadilako, played drums on the Agwaya album. Although Remmy Ongala did not participate in the recording of Agwaya, you can see him on the cover. In the group picture he is sitting at the right end. Was Ongala in Kenya at the time? No, he wasn't, the picture is fake. It's an old group photo from Tanzania pasted on a background with the Nairobi skyline.
Muziki Orchestra Makassy (ZEMKC 1 1984)
Mosese (Makassy single EMK 02)
The Radio Tanzanian Sessions (Dar es Salaam)
Ciska (Makassy single EMK 07)
Agwaya (Virgin OVED94, V2236 1982)
Mambo Bado (T. Assosa) 5'26
Makassy prepare for more sales by Chegwe wa Gachamba (Kenya Daily Nation, Saturday June 12, 1982)
Notes: Recorded at CBS Studios, Nairobi.
Greatest Hits (AIT LP: EMKLP 01)|
Compiled by Felix Jacomo
The Original Recordings|
The Nairobi "Agwaya" Sessions, recorded at CBS Nairobi & remixed in London 1982 for Virgin records release Virgin OVED84; reissued on CD on 2005 as Legends of East Africa Orchestra Makassy (ARC Music EUCD1909), with three bonus tracks, "Ubaya wa nini" from the same Nairobi session, and "Muungano" (i.e. "Chama Cha Mapinduzi") & "Mume Wangu" -- tracks previously recorded in Tanzania.
Mambo Bado (Tshimanga Assossa/Kitenzogu Makassy)
courtesy: Peter Toll
Nduka Masingu & L'Orch Maliky Stars Testament (Tsavo Records TSV05 1985)|
Note: Nduka Masingu was one of the singers on the Agwaya album. This is an LP he recorded some years later for Polygram.-- Peter Toll
(Thanks to Peter Toll, afro7 net and kentanzavinyl com)
Athumani 1 & 2 (Athumani Kindya) Eds Makassy, Kenya EMK03
Maquis at RTD studios 1987: William Maselenge (rhythm), Mpoyo Kalenga (trumpet), Dekula Kahanga (solo), Mbuya Makonga Adios (singer); front: Juma Choka (drums). RIGHT SIDE: Mukumbule Parashi, Kocks Mbwana, Samba Wa Mikalayi, Dekula Kahanga
The band originated in Lubumbashi, Shaba province, Eastern Zaire. They came to Tanzania on tour in the 1970s and decided to stay on in Dar Es Salaam. When the government decided to oust foreign bands, later in the 1970s, they enterprisingly set themselves up as a cooperative, OMACO, that owned the White House Club in Ubungu and they bought a farm outside the city that sold its produce in the Kariakoo market. The story of the Maquis is told by Werner Graebner in his liner notes to Tanzanian Dance Bands vol 2 (Monsun records, 1995). Their laid-back style created the notion of "civilized dancing" (i.e. without sweating), preferred by a high-class audience. They started as a splinter from Super Teo band in 1970 (a typical band under contract to a hotel who owned their instruments), when they could afford to buy their own equipment. They were invited to play in Kampala in 1972 and set off on tour but only got as far as Dar Es Salaam, liked it and stayed. In 1985 founder and leader sax-player Chinyama Chianza died and Nguza "Viking" Mbangu took over as leader (his guitar can be heard on "Mpenzi Luta" and "Mabruki") until he decided to go solo in 1987 and later formed Safari Sound.
In the early 80s the band had a string of hits with three LPs produced in Nairobi, but then dropped "du Zaire" from their name and became Maquis Original. at the same time they stopped singing in Lingala and switched to Swahili.
Their visit to Nairobi, to perform and record, was written up in the Kenyan paper in 1982:
Maquis to perform in Kenya by Jeremiah Auram and Amboka Andere
Next month may be a historical one for two major Zairean bands are scheduled to stage a chain of gigs in Kenya. The groups TP OK Jazz of Luambo Luango Makiadi (Franco) and the Tanzania-based orchestra Maquis du Zaire of "Nguza Viking General" are expected in Nairobi on or before December 1. The news about the coming of Maquis was revealed by Mr. Oliver Litondo in a press conference at the CBS studios in Nairobi this week.
Note: both bands had songs in the top 20 that week; on that day the top 20 in Kenya was:
Leader Tshimanga Assosa left to join Orchestre Makassy and penned their hit "Mambo Bado," but as usual, right on the brink of a breakthrough, the band fell apart, and he returned to Maquis.
The band carried on under singer Mbuya Makonga and Dekula Kahanga (a.k.a. Vumbi). Kahanga started his career in Orch. Bavy National in Kivu, Zaire (DR Congo) in 1983. As Ronnie Graham says, "A lead guitarist with a new sharp sound, Vumbi revitalized the band and put them back on top with their late 80s hit 'Ngalula,' heard on Tanzania Dance Bands vol 2." Subsequent leaders of Maquis include vocalists Tshimanga Assosa and Ilunga Banza. Assosa wrote some of the hit songs of Maquis, such as "Makumbele" and "Ngalula"; those songs also showcased guitarist Dekula Kahanga's talent. Kahanga would later become a successful guitarist on his own; he has now relocated in Sweden. Lead singer Tshimanga Assosa also left for a while in the 70s to return to Kinshasa; back in Tanzania he joined orchestra Makassy and wrote their 1982 international hit "Mambo bado." He returned to Maquis in the mid-80s, leaving again in 1990 to join Legho Stars.
In October 2003 Nguza Viking (Babu Seya) and his son Johnson Nguza were arrested for sex crimes against children. In June 2004 they were sentenced to life imprisonment. The facts of the case suggest they were not given a fair trial, that the prosecution gave inconsistent and uncorroborated evidence. Court documents suggest there was a vendetta against Nguza and his son as two other defendants were released on appeal, and defense witnesses were not heard in the trial. The Nguzas were granted clemency and released by the president in December 2017.
Maquis in 1990 L to R: Burhan Adinan (2nd solo), Toto Ilunga (trumpet), Dekula Kahanga (solo guitar) (courtesy: Dekula Kahanga); RIGHT SIDE: Shunga wa Shinga (bass), Chinyama Chiaza (Chichi) & Chibangu Katay (Paul) tenor saxes (courtesy: Bariki Ngowo)
CBS Kenya EOMLP501 1982
A1-2 Masua (General Nguza Viking)
During the following six years of hard work they acquired enough money to purchase their own musical instruments. In 1971 the band's name was changed to Orchestre Maquis du Zaire and the following year, while on a tour of countries neighbouring Zaire, they decided to settle in Tanzania's capital of Dar es Salaam where they received a wonderful reception from musical lovers. The group now has a large following in Tanzania and through their company OMACO Limited they have purchased property including 154 acres of farmland.
Orchestre Ma Quis Du Zaire's popular music has been exposed through the airwaves on state-owned Radio Tanzania, but until recently not had the chance of being cut on discs to reach fans in neighbouring countries.
The group, which has thirty-six members (twenty eight musicians, three stage show girls and five officials), finally made its first appearance in Nairobi at the beginning of May 1982 for recording sessions at the CBS studio Unfortunately they were unable to give live performances. They did however make some TV appearances.
CBS Records Kenyan Limited is the first record company ever to have signed a recording contract with Orchestre Marquis du Zaire. Following lengthy discussions, including a visit to their office in Dar es Salaam, OMACO's directors were finally convinced and assured CBS records could and would look after the group's interests better than any other record company -- this through the tireless effort of CBS A&R manager F.L. Amaumo.
Thanks Zaire Embassy Officials, Anthony Kafwihi, John Okeyo, Sammy Oyando, James Kinyanjui, Noah Kamau, Charles Odhiambo of Solace Hotel, Osgood, Immigration and Customer Officials at Namanaga Border. Produced by Livingstone Amaumo, Recorded at CBS Records Kenya Studio Nairobi, Engineer George Fombe, Photographs: Maridadi Studio (front), Joeseph Odiyo (Back). Sleeve design by Avelino Fernandez
Malelisa CBS Kenya EOMLP502 1983|
A1 Tokoni kowela mbongo 1 & 2 (also released as a 45)
Note: from the cover it appears to be from the same session as the preceding
Nguza Viking from back cover of Karubandika
Karubandika (Ahadi AHD LP6001, 1986)|
A1 Karubandika (Kasalo Kiyonga)
Today the thirty-eight member MAQUIS remain one of the dominant groups on the Tanzanian music scene. With the recent success of their smash single "Karubandika", Maquis are rapidly extending their popularity throughout Eastern and Central Africa.
This LP is a selection of some of the most recent Maquis recordings. Get down and enjoy the Zembwela beat! -- F. L. Amaumo
Peter Toll notes it also came out in 2001 as perhaps the final Ahadi CD release with these additional tracks:
7. Mapenzi Ya Pesa Pt 1&2 [Kasalo Kyanga]
Serieux Ya Mukoko (EOM 70-503 1982)
a1. Mozili Etonda Na Zambo
Anjelu (AHD MC005) 1987
(*last two cuts "Mpenzi Luta" & "Mabruki" appear on Tanzania Dance bands vol 2)
Clara (AHD MC007) 1986|
A1 Clara (Kyanga Songa)
Note: "Sofia #1" was on the Karubandika LP
Ngalula (AHD MC011) 1988|
A1 Ngalula (Tshimanga Assosa)
Kiongo (Tunazikumbuka Vol 18) (AHD036)
Kiongo (also released as a 45)
*Notes: muddy sound; the two tracks listed as "Christmas" 1 & 2 were so identified by Nick of Natari who says the cassette identifies them as "Kweli maisha ni safari ndefu" and "Nabweli muziko lya Zambia" which they obviously are not.
Hali Nguma (AHD MC6015) bad sound
A1 Hali Nguma
Maquis Original "Baba Willy" (AHD (MC) 6028)
A1. Baba Willy
[via Peter Toll]
Maquis Original "Mayanga" (AHD (MC) 6029)
[via Peter Toll]
On compilations (cassette):
On compilations (CD):|
Tanzania Dance Bands vol 2 (Monsun CD MSCD9.01117 0 1991)
1 Ngalula (1988) (K. T. Assosa)
*Not on the reissued CD from Africassette Muziki wa Dansi (AC9403 1995), due to a perceived mastering problem with the original
Urgent Jumping (Sterns 2016 STCD3067)
Denise (M.M. Adios) 1975
(Thanks to KenTanzavinyl.com)
Bola () b/w Denise (M.M. Adios) Musiki du Zaire MZ14 1975 (B side on Urgent jumping)
Leila (Dakar Sound DKS009 1996)
In 1994 some of the original members of Maquis teamed up and recorded 6 originals by Assosa in a beautiful, classic album.
International Orchestra Safari Sound (Ndekule)
OSS in the 80s. L to R: Gaby Nkomba Kababa, Molay D, Mobali Jumbe & Kabeya Badu
A break-away faction of Mlimani Park, Orchestre Safari Sound (OSS) always had a strong contingent of Congolese musicians, according to the liner notes to Zanibara 7, by leading authority Werner Graebner. "Thus in the second part of the 70s the band was led by singer King Kiki and then later in the first half of the 80s by 12 string maestro Ndala Kasheba." A Congolese who played with Fauvette, Safari Nkoi and Orchestra Maquis before forming IOSS, Kasheba left with King Kiki to form Zaita Musica in 1990. He died in 2004. A later version of IOSS was led by Nguza Viking in 1991-2.
IOSS "Hasiri ya Chunusi" (AHD MSK CAS 502) ca 1988
A1 on Swahili Hits vol 2; A3 on Swahili Hits vol 1
Wana Ndekule (IOSS) "Christina Moshi" (AHD MSK CAS 505) 1986|
A1: Christina Moshi
A1 on Swahili Hits vol 3 and Tanzania Hit Parade; A3 on Tanzania Dance Bands vol 2 and Zanzibara 7; entire B side on Zanzibara 7
IOSS (Duku Duku) "Marashi ya pemba" (AHD/MSK CAS 006)
A1. Marashi ya pemba (Ndala Kasheba)
A1 on Tanzania Hit Parade; A3 on Tanzania Dance Bands vol 2
IOSS "Binadamu hawana wema" (AHD/MSK CAS 010)|
A1. Binadamu hawana wema
B3 on Tanzania Dance Bands vol 2
IOSS "Shukrani kwa Mjomba" (AHD MSK CAS 513, 1985)|
A1. Shukrani kwa Mjomba
B1 repeated from CAS 505; B3 on Tanzania Dance Bands vol 2 and Zanzibara 7
On compilation CD:
Zanzibara 7: Sikinde vs Ndekule (Buda Musique com SC870, 2013)
01 Mtoto Akililia Wembe by Mlimani Park
note: Recorded between 1984-7; part of the outstanding series produced by Werner Graebner
Safari Sound 45s:|
(thanks to Afro7.net)
Agano la Jumamosi 1 & 2 (Kiki Kikumbi) Super Matatu MTU2
courtesy: Thomas Gesthuizen
The reissue CD also includes these singles as a bonus disc:
Sunburst was founded by Hemby Flory Kongo, a Congolese from Mbuji-Mayi, Kasai, who came to Tanzania with Baba Gaston. While in Zambia they picked up two more Congolese members. For years they played as a cover band, the Cobras, at Chez Margot, a dockside dive in the heart of Dar. Sunburst's peak years were between 1973, when they were elected best band of the year, and 1977. In 1977 they broke up, and Kongo joined Safari Sound, playing guitar on hits like '"Msafiri." They are still remembered for their interpretation of a children's song, 'Banchikicha'. The leader, Hembi Kongo, has now found God and plays in a church band in Nairobi. [info from Thomas Gesthuizen]
Ndala Kasheba with guitar and King Kiki, photo: Banning Eyre, courtesy Yusuf Wamla
King Kiki Kikumbi Mwanza Mpango was born in Lubumbashi Congo DRC in 1947. In 1961 he joined Novella Jazz Band, then bands such as Gabie Jazz, Vendetta Jazz from 1962 until 1966, and then was in Super Fauvette, Safari Nkoyi, African Fiesta with Dr Nico and Maquis du Zaire.
He left Maquis in July 1979. He met Hugo Kisima who started a new band OSS where it was decided that King Kiki be made bandleader. "I came to Tanzania 40 years ago, I was born in Congo but I have lived here for all my life. My wife is Tanzanian my children were born here so my music is Swahili Rumba, or you can call it Tanzanian rumba."
King Kiki has made name for himself and new band Wazee Sugu due to the fact that till today different music styles have come and gone, but Masantula Ngoma ya Mpwita, Kamanyola or Embalasasa have never left the scene. (Liner notes to Return of Maestro)
Raisi Jakaya. M. Kikwete (13S Planet 006, UK, 2008)
1 Raisi Jakaya M. Kikwete
Double "O" (n.d., no info)|
Zilizopendwa: Maestro Of Tanzania Rumba 70's to 80's (Ujamaa Records URKIKI01)|
Guitarist and singer Ndala Kasheba first came to Tanzania with Fauvette, a band from Congo in 1964. He was active in the Dar es Salaam scene ever since then. In the 1970s he led the famous Orchestra Safari Sound. He then created his own group Zaita Musica all the while maintaining A list status in Tanzania. Ndala Kasheba passed away in 2004. In Dar es Salaam he is still known as Maestro Supreme. (Limitless sky website)
Yellow Card (Limitless Sky Records, US 2002)
A reprise of some of his IOSS hits. "Yellow Card was Mzee Kasheba's last album. It contains some of his most famous hits, including "Dezo Dezo," "Marashi ya Pemba" and "Nimlilie Nani." The title track, "Kadi ya Njano" or Yellow Card, is Mzee's scathing commentary on the media and the perception it creates."
Refugees (Limitless Sky Records)
A CD single.
Remmy Ongalla & Super Matimila
Matimila in 1981. L to R: Dr Remmy, Abuu Semehando, Kasaloo & Fanfan;
Originally from Kindu in North-Eastern Zaire, Remmy followed in his father's footsteps, joining his first band at the age of 16. When Matimila was formed in the mid-70s they took their name from the businessman who bought their instruments. From the start their recordings have Ongala's authority stamped on them. The band are in full flight behind his strong lead and his rich sound, reminiscent of OK Jazz, is fully developed. In Super Matimila's music, Congolese rumba has taken its new Tanzanian form, with Swahili lyrics, a more laid-back approach to the rhythm section, and elements of soul (cascading horns) and Caribbean (lilting bass) music, though with the bite of soukous waiting patiently for the seben.
A1: Kifo (also on 45)
Note: A1 on Songs for the Poor Man; A1 & 2, B1 on Live on stage
Dkt. Remmy Ongala 89 (AHD MC 6009 1989)|
Note: A1 & B3 collected on Songs for the Poor Man
Harusi (Ahadi AHD6011)
Note: "Mariamu" also released on 45; "Kipenda roho" also on Super Talakaka LP and Songs for the Poor Man; "Asili Ya Muziki" also on On Stage; "Pamela" on Songs for the Poor Man
Niseme nini (Ahadi AHD6019)
Note: "Niseme nini" & "Tupendane" also on Mambo
Kilio cha Samaki (Ahadi AHD6027)
Kilio Cha Samaki
"Kilio" (The Fish song) & "Waseme Waseme" on Sema CD
courtesy: Peter Toll
Mbele kwa Mbele (GMC239)|
Distributed by Global Sounds Ltd/Mamu Stores Ltd/Congo Corridor Store
Remmy Ongala & Orch. Super Talakaka - Kipenda Roho Hula Nyama Mbichi - Penzi Ni Jahazi (Polydor POLP 538, 1983)
A1: Myone Hana Haki (Remmy Ongala)
Orch Super Matimila were often called Talakaka, so presumably it is basically the same band. Ongala later said he had no idea this ever came out or who got paid for it. A1 included on Nalilia Mwana; B3 on Songs for the Poor Man
On Stage (Ahadi: AHDLP 6007 1988)|
Dance With Remmy Ongala
Stereo LP; cassette
A1: Sauti ya Mnyonge
Note: B side reprised from Kifo cassette
Remmy Ongala And Orchestre Super Matimila|
Nalilia Mwana (WOMAD 010 UK 1988)
A1 Nalilia Mwana
Note: An outstanding album; two of the tracks, "Siku ya kufa" and "Arusi ya mwanza" are actually Orchestre Makassy songs, "Siku ya kufa" (EMK01) and EMK04, which is called "Mume wangu."
Songs For The Poor Man (Real World CD & LP 1989 LP: RWLP6 210 255; CD RW6)|
Note: Largely reworked from early Makassy material. Tracks 1 & 2 come from Ahadi cassette 6009; track 3 is from the Polydor LP; 4 & 7 come from On Stage; 5 is from the Kifo cassette; 8 was on Harusi cassette; 10 was a single.
Mambo (Real World Records CDRW22, 1992)
The Kershaw Sessions (Strange Roots--ROOTCD004 1994)|
Published By Womad Music Ltd. & EMI Virgin Music Ltd.
Sema (Womad WSCD 002 1995)
1 Penzi Lauwa
Tracks 3, 4, and 10 were previously recorded on cassettes
Super Matimila 45s (thanks to KenTanzavinyl com & Afro7 net):|
Alimasi (Sykkas Kasambula Kema) Ken-Tanza KT 028
Mose Se "Fan Fan"
Mose Fan Fan in 1981 (courtesy: Bariki Ngowo)
"Fan Fan" rose to fame in Zaire as co-lead guitar with Franco in OK Jazz in 1967. In 1972 he left the group and played briefly with Lovy du Zaire and Orchestre Mi before forming Somo Somo with whom he issued 17 or more singles. In the late 70s he traveled to Zambia and then arrived in Tanzania where he was backed up by Orchestra Makassy featuring Remmy Ongala. He formed Orchestre Matimila with Ongala before moving to Kenya where he founded Orchestre Somo Somo. After Franco's death he reformed with some former colleagues from OK Jazz.
L'Intrepide Mose Fan Fan et L'Immortel T.P. Somo Somo
Record Company: A.I.T. Records
Note: An unrelated band called Shikamoo Jazz was formed of veterans of the Tanzanian scene in Dar in 1993.
courtesy: Peter Toll
Amba ( AIT Records Nairobi EFA LP05 1982)|
All songs composed by Mose Fan Fan; produced by Felix Jacomo; "Amba" and "T. P. Somo Somo" included on Retro 7CD.
Paris (Ahadi AHDLP 6003 Kenya 1986)|
A1 Kizolele 8:04
Note: Recorded in Paris with top session musicians, reissued by Stern's in London, but included here because the last track "Poleni" was first cut in Nairobi and issued on 45 as Ahadi11.
Belle Epoque (Retro 7CD)
Julie La Petite
Notes: tracks 1 & 2 are from the OK Jazz period. 3-6 were recorded with Makassy in Dar es Salaam in 1979, although "Venus" was originally titled "Bakoka Bolakate." "Chama Cha Mapinduzi" uses words from president Julius Nyrere. Tracks 7, 8, and 10 were recorded in Nairobi under the Somo Somo name.
Somo Somo on Stage in Zaire, 1973. bass: Celi Bitshou; singers: Youlou, Diatho; guitar Mose Fan Fan; sax: Empompo
courtesy: Peter Toll
T. P. Somo Somo 45s:|
(Note: I have not included singles issued on the Ngadiadia label, of which there were a dozen issued in 1975 and 1976. These were reissued on Sono's African label in the 91.xxx series. Below are listed the East African recordings only. Peter Toll points out the East Africa recordings bear the credit "TP Somo Somo" as opposed to the other versions of the band in Zaire which were only called Somo Somo.)
Amba 1 & 2 Eds Franc-Afrique EFA 03 1982
Last Update: 5 January 2018